Electric cars, commonly referred to as EVs, are fuel-efficient automobiles powered entirely or partly by electricity. As a result of their minimal upkeep, they are very cost-effective. On the other hand, electric cars are noted for their ability to operate on little to no fossil fuel.
Fossil fuels have a finite supply, and their consumption is destroying our world. Long-term harm to public health is caused by toxic emissions from gasoline and diesel cars. Electric automobiles have a lesser environmental effect than gasoline or diesel vehicles. Electric vehicles can convert around 60% of the electrical energy from the grid to power the wheels. Still, gasoline and diesel vehicles can only transfer about 17% to 21% of the stored energy in the fuel to the wheels, compared to electric vehicles. That is an 80 percent loss.
Even when power generation is considered, gasoline and diesel cars release almost three times as much carbon dioxide as the typical electric vehicle. Regarding electric car charging, India is striving to use as much non-fossil fuel energy as possible by 2030 to minimize the environmental effect. Because of this, electric cars are the future of transportation in India, and we must make the changeover immediately.
So, if you wish to purchase an electric vehicle this year, you need to know what kinds there are and what their advantages and disadvantages are to make an educated choice. So, without further ado, here are some facts about Indian electric automobiles.
Consider the pros and cons of electric vehicles before making a purchase. Let’s have a look at the advantages and disadvantages of electric cars.
Electric Vehicles Has Several Advantages
- Electric vehicles are cost-effective
Owning an electric vehicle is more cost-effective in the long term than using gasoline or fuel. When you put solar panels on your home, you can power your electric vehicle for free, making it a viable option for those who can afford it.
- Hassle-free Maintenance
Changing the oil and ensuring the gasoline is pure are just a few routine tasks associated with a classic car. In electric automobiles, these problems are not commonplace. It is possible to put off replacing automotive components for an extended period since the brakes on an electric car wear out far less rapidly than those on an average, fuel-powered vehicle.
- Environment Friendly
When weighing the benefits and drawbacks of electric vehicles, it’s vital to remember that these vehicles generate almost no noise when they’re in motion. Hence, are environmentally friendly.
- Short Driving Range
The main disadvantage of electric cars is their reduced range, which may be as little as a few miles depending on how quickly the battery drains. Companies are spending a lot of time and money on R&D in this sector, which is projected to continue for the foreseeable future.
- Recharges Slowly
It might take a long time to recharge an electric car. It is possible to recharge newer versions in about six hours or less. It is possible to receive 80 percent of the charge in only a few hours with specific rapid chargers. Electric vehicles may not have to deal with this issue, but cars fueled by traditional methods have to.
- Lack of power outlets
One of the main worries of electric car drivers is the lack of infrastructure. In India, there aren’t enough electric car charging stations to recharge automobiles in the middle of a drive.
Types Of Electric Vehicles In India
EVs may be divided into three major categories:
- Vehicle-Powered by Lithium-Ion Battery (BEV)
- Hybrid Electric/Plug-in Hybrid Car (PHEV)
- Battery-Powered Hybrid Car (HEV)
Below, we’ve outlined these issues in great detail, Let’s take a closer look at each one.
Vehicles Powered by Batteries (BEV)
The motors and batteries of these electric vehicles are the only means of actuation. The term “zero-emission vehicle” refers to a BEV. Depending on the model, a BEV’s battery is charged externally using a DC fast charger or an AC charger. The AC charger typically takes eight hours to completely charge the battery, whereas the DC fast charger typically takes one hour.
Among India’s most popular four-wheeled Battery Electric Vehicles are the following models:
- Tata Nexon Electric
- Hyundai’s Kona Electric vehicle
- The MG ZS
Also, in India, the most popular BEVs for two-wheeled vehicles are as follows:
- iQube TVs
- Battery-powered motorcycles
Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)
Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) can run on both gas and electricity. The braking system of the car generates electric power. Regenerative Braking uses the heat generated by the brakes to generate electricity. The HEV is powered by an internal combustion (IC) engine, which needs the energy to get going. This results in excellent fuel efficiency. In India, the Toyota Camry Hybrid is among the best HEVs on the market.
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
In a Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle, regenerative braking and an external source of electricity may replenish the batteries. A PHEV’s battery typically lasts 3-4 kilometers before the engine kicks in. In India, the following are some of the most excellent PHEV models:
- e-Verito by Mahindra
- The Volvo XC90 T8
India’s battery manufacturing business has the potential to surpass the country’s entire expenditure on crude oil imports. The Indian economy would get a significant boost as a result of this.
Hand-holding the small and micro auto component companies, which employ significant numbers of people, needs a meticulous approach. As electric cars replace gasoline and diesel automobiles, many of these enterprises will no longer exist. As a result, we must provide a hand as they switch to making electric vehicle parts. Some benefits of electric vehicles include a rise in demand for durable and lightweight thermoplastics, an increase in the use of power, and more storage space.